Sustainability: Strengthening Local Consortium

Community Coalition Action Theory (CCAT) Model and Study Group Process

The COP-RCORP effort depends on having strong, functional community-based partnerships. For broad representation of local interests and needs, these partnerships involve representatives from different areas of the community. The CCAT Model and Developmental Process uses a community-based process to make sure the structures and relationships of the different partners have been clearly defined.

The two Quick Start Guides below outline the initial sequence of materials to watch, download, and/or print when beginning an independent study group CCAT process. One is for co-facilitators of the process and the other is for study group participants.

Introduction to the CCAT Model

The video above describes the Community Coalition Action Theory Model (Butterfoss & Kegler, 2002). It is the backbone for the independent Study Group Process created by Ohio University’s Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs (OU-VS) and the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE). This process is intended for members of local coalitions, consortiums, HUBs, and other action-oriented partnership groups. Below is a PDF of the slides from the introductory video.

Community Coalition Action Theory (CCAT)

by Butterfoss & Kegler, 2002

In 2002, two community-based researchers described the critical elements of effective data-driven, action-oriented, community-based groups (e.g., coalitions, consortium, HUBs). In the chapter, they explain the importance of the elements and offer applied examples of how they work.

Book Chapter

Butterfoss, F. D., & Kegler, M. C. (2002). Toward a comprehensive understanding of community coalitions: Moving from practice to theory. In R. J. DiClemente, R. A. Crosby, & M. C. Kegler (Eds.), Emerging theories in health promotion practice and research: Strategies for improving public health (pp. 157-193). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Constructs, Propositions, and Visual Model (H3)

The link below includes a two-page reference sheet from a course taught by the American College Health Association. It includes a table of the constructs and propositions from Butterfoss & Kegler’s book chapter (2002) and a visual depiction of the model.


Note: Butterfoss & Kegler updated their book chapter in 2009. We utilize the earlier version of the chapter (2002) to better align with the collaborative nature of planning and assessment in Ohio communities.

CCAT Study Group Process

The CCAT Model and Developmental Process outline seven steps for a group of partners (e.g., coalition, consortium, or HUB) to use when clarifying their operational structures and relationships.

Step 0 – Orientation

Orientation Videos

The two videos below summarize the CCAT process. Depending on your role, you need to watch either the study group participant or co-facilitator video.

Video #2 Slide Deck Video #3 Slide Deck

Types of Materials

The different types of materials used throughout the multi-stepped process are described below, along with the icons for quick visual reinforcement.


Co-Facilitator Downloads

Step 4 – Reflect of Critical Elements

Information coming soon!

Step 5 – Reflect on Synergies

Information coming soon!

Step 6 – Develop CCAT Poster

Information coming soon!

Step 7 – Present CCAT Process

Information coming soon!

Step 1- Form Study Group

Study Group Participant Downloads
No downloads for this step Co-Facilitators Downloads

Step 3 – Create CCAT Explanatory Video

Study Group Participants Download​

Co-Facilitator Download